Como juntar as palavras em inglês? Collocations: (intermediário) PDF Imprimir

Collocations

Collocations (Combinaçíµes de Palavras)

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" Tell me who you go with and I'll tell you who you are
Diga-me com quem andas que te direi que és
"

O que é uma collocation?

Uma collocation é duas ou mais palavras que sempre estão juntas. Estas combinaçíµes simplesmente soam "correto" para os falantes nativos do inglês, quem as usa todo o tempo. Em contrapartida, outras combinaçíµes poder ser não-naturais e simplesmente soar "errado". Veja estes exemplos:

Inglês Natural... Inglês Não-Natural...
the fast train
fast food
the quick train
quick food
a quick shower
a quick meal
a fast shower
a fast meal

Porquê aprender collocations?

  • Sua linguagem vai ser mais natural e mais fácil de ser entendido.
  • Você terá modos alternativos e mais ricos de se expressar.
  • É mais fácil para nosso cérebro lembrar e usar a linguagem em blocos do que palavras isoladas.

Como aprender as collocations

  • Preste atenção nas collocations, e tente reconhece-las quando você vê-las ou ouvi-las
  • Trate as collocations como blocos simples da lingua. Pense nelas como blocos ou pedaçoes, e aprenda o bloco strongly support, não strong+support.
  • Quando aprender uma nova palavra, escreve outras palavra que 'colocam/aparecem' com ela (remember rightly, remember distinctly, remember vaguely, remember vividly).
  • Leia o máximo que puder. A leitura é um excelente modo de aprender vocabulário e collocations no contexto e naturalmente.
  • Revise o que você aprende regularmente. Pratique usando novas collocations em contexto tão logo você aprendê-las.
  • Aprenda collocations em grupos que funcionam para você. Você pode aprendê-los por tópico (time, number, weather, money, family) ou por uma palavra em particular (take action, take a chance, take an exam).
  • Você pode encontrar informação sobre collocations em algum bom learner's dictionary.

Tipos de Collocation

Existem diversos diferentes tipos de collocations feitas de combinaçíµes de verbo, substantivo, adjetivo etc. Alguns dos mais comuns são:

  • Adverb + Adjective: completely satisfied (NOT downright satisfied)
  • Adjective + Noun: excruciating pain (NOT excruciating joy)
  • Noun + Noun: a surge of anger (NOT a rush of anger)
  • Noun + Verb: lions roar (NOT lions shout)
  • Verb + Noun: commit suicide (NOT undertake suicide)
  • Verb + Expression With Preposition: burst into tears (NOT blow up in tears)
  • Verb + Adverb: wave frantically (NOT wave feverishly)

Neste lição observamos alguns exemplos de collocations, e finalizamos com quizzes para avaliar o que foi aprendido:

Estudantes avançados e professores podem também ver mais informaçíµes em Página Avançada.

Listas de Collocation

Nesta página você pode encontrar algumas listas de collocations para dá-lo mais ideia sobre o assunto. Muitos bons learner's dictionaries mostram collocations associadas com palavras especí­ficas. Existem também dicionários de collocations, porém estes são muito mais dí­ficeis de encontrar.

Some common verbs

have do make
have a bath
have a drink
have a good time
have a haircut
have a holiday
have a problem
have a relationship
have a rest
have lunch
have sympathy

do business
do nothing
do someone a favour
do the cooking
do the housework
do the shopping
do the washing up
do your best
do your hair
do your homework

make a difference
make a mess
make a mistake
make a noise
make an effort
make furniture
make money
make progress
make room
make trouble

take break catch
take a break
take a chance
take a look
take a rest
take a seat
take a taxi
take an exam
take notes
take someone's place
take someone's temperature

break a habit
break a leg
break a promise
break a record
break a window
break someone's heart
break the ice
break the law
break the news to someone
break the rules
catch a ball
catch a bus
catch a chill
catch a cold
catch a thief
catch fire
catch sight of
catch someone's attention
catch someone's eye
catch the flu
pay save keep
pay a fine
pay attention
pay by credit card
pay cash
pay interest
pay someone a compliment
pay someone a visit
pay the bill
pay the price
pay your respects
save electricity
save energy
save money
save one's strength
save someone a seat
save someone's life
save something to a disk
save space
save time
save yourself the trouble

keep a diary
keep a promise
keep a secret
keep an appointment
keep calm
keep control
keep in touch
keep quiet
keep someone's place
keep the change
come go get
come close
come complete with
come direct
come early
come first
come into view
come last
come late
come on time
come prepared
come right back
come second
come to a compromise
come to a decision
come to an agreement
come to an end
come to a standstill
come to terms with
come to a total of
come under attack
go abroad
go astray
go bad
go bald
go bankrupt
go blind
go crazy
go dark
go deaf
go fishing
go mad
go missing
go on foot
go online
go out of business
go overseas
go quiet
go sailing
go to war
go yellow
get a job
get a shock
get angry
get divorced
get drunk
get frightened
get home
get lost
get married
get nowhere
get permission
get pregnant
get ready
get started
get the impression
get the message
get the sack
get upset
get wet
get worried

Miscellaneous

Time Business English Classifiers
bang on time
dead on time
early 12th century
free time
from dawn till dusk
great deal of time
late 20th century
make time for
next few days
past few weeks
right on time
run out of time
save time
spare time
spend some time
take your time
tell someone the time
time goes by
time passes
waste time
annual turnover
bear in mind
break off negotiations
cease trading
chair a meeting
close a deal
close a meeting
come to the point
dismiss an offer
draw a conclusion
draw your attention to
launch a new product
lay off staff
go bankrupt
go into partnership
make a loss
make a profit
market forces
sales figures
take on staff

Collocation Quizzes

Do or Make Collocations Quiz

1 What do you for a living?
2 Have you your homework already?
3 My husband the grocery shopping.
4 Amber badly on her geography exam.
5 The children a mess in the kitchen.
6 We are having guests tonight, so please your bed.
7 I only one mistake in my English test.
8 I have to ask you to me a favour.
9 Have you and your friend a decision yet?
10 Please excuse me while I a phonecall.

Time Collocations Quiz

1 He arrived exactly at 11am, on time.
2 What do you do in your ?
3 We couldn't finish because we time.
4 If we take this short cut we'll some time.
5 I time, and now doth time waste me. (Shakespeare)
6 There have been several burglaries in the weeks.
7 The Internet was developed in the century.
8 They have no time. They work dusk.
9 You'll forget it by.
10 Can you for me this weekend?

 

Verificar a Collocation das Palavras

Corpus Concordance Sampler

The Collins WordbanksOnline English corpus sampler is composed of 56 million words of contemporary written and spoken text. To get a flavour of the type of linguistic data that a corpus like this can provide, you can type in some simple queries here and get a display of concordance lines from the corpus. The query syntax allows you to specify word combinations, wildcards, part-of-speech tags, and so on.


Type in your query:

Which sub-corpora should be searched?

British books, ephemera, radio, newspapers, magazines (36m words)
American books, ephemera and radio (10m words)
British transcribed speech (10m words) 

To get sample concordances, press this button:
To set concordance width (in characters), make a selection:    

Note that output from this demo facility will be restricted to 40 lines of concordance, each with a maximum width of 250 characters. The lines to be displayed will be selected at random.


Collocation Sampler

Type in your word:

Select a significance score to be calculated:

Mutual Information
T-score

To get collocations, press this button:

Note that output from this demo facility will be restricted to 100 collocates. These will be the statistically most significant ones according to the score you have selected.

 

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+1 #5 suelicastellar 08-06-2010 21:56
i like 8) :cry: :zzz
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