Simple Present Tense O que é simple present tense Parte 2

Affirmative Form

1. Para as pessoas I (eu), you (você), we (nós), you (vocês) e they (eles, elas),conjugamos os verbos no Presente, retirando apenas o to do infinitivo:

Verb: To dance

Exemplos:

I dance ( eu danço)
you dance ( você dança)
we dance ( nós dançamos)
you dance ( vocês dançam)
they dance ( eles/elas dançam)

2. Para as pessoas he (ele), she (ela) e it (ele, ela), devemos:

a) Adicionar -es quando o verbo terminar em ss, sh, ch, x, z, e o:

To kiss ( beijar)

he kisses (ele beija)
she kisses (ela beija)
it kisses (ele/ela beija)

To go (ir)

he goes (ele vai)
she goes (ela vai)
it goes (ele/ela vai)

b) Retirar o y e adicionar -ies aos verbos terminados em consoante + y:

To study ( estudar)

he studies (ele estuda)
she studies (ela estuda)
it studies (ele/ela estuda)

To cry ( chorar)

he cries (ele chora)
she cries (ela chora)
it cries (ele/ela chora)

c) Aos verbos com outras terminações quaisquer, inclusive vogal + y, adicionar somente um -s:

To dance

he dances ( ele dança)
she dances ( ela dança)
it dances ( ele/ela dança)

To stay ( ficar)

he stays (ele fica)
she stays (ela fica)
it stays (ele/ela fica)

NOTE:
Não seguem as regras acima os verbos to be (ser, estar), to have (ter, possuir) e there to be (haver, existir).

Advérbios que normalmente acompanham o Presente Simples:

always ( sempre)
every day (week,…) ( todos os dias (semana,….))
never (nunca)
often = frequently ( frequentemente)
once a day (uma vez por dia)
seldom = rarely ( raramente)
sometimes ( algumas vezes)
twice a day ( duas vezes por dia)
usually ( geralmente)

Negative Form

Usamos doesn’t (= does not (não)) para as pessoas he, she, it e don’t ( = do not ( não)) para as demais pessoas. O verbo, que vem depois de doesn’t ou don’t, não sofre mudanças, isto é, fica na forma infinitivo sem o to.

sujeito + doesn’t ou don’t + verbo no infinitivo sem o to

Exemplo com o verbo to study:

I don’t study (eu não estudo)
you don’t study (você não estuda)
he doesn’t study (ele não estuda)
she doesn’t study (ela não estuda)
it doesn’t study (ele/ela não estuda)
we don’t study (nós não estudamos)
you don’t study (vocês não estudam)
they don’t study (eles/elas não estudam)

Interrogative Form

Colocamos does antes das pessoas he, she, it e do antes das demais pessoas. O verbo fica no infinitivo sem o to.

Do ou does + sujeito + verbo no infinitivo sem o to


Exemplo com o verbo to study:

do I study?
do you study?
does he study?
does she study?
does it study?
do we study?
do you study?
do they study?

Fonte: http://www.inglesvip.com/grammar/the-simple-present-tense.html

O simple present é formado pelo verbo em sua forma original na maioria das pessoas, com exceção da terceira pessoa do singular.

Veja estas frases com o verbo drink (beber) como exemplo:

I drink orange juice every day.
You drink beer in the bar.
We drink champagne in New Year’s Eve.

Entretanto, a 3ª pessoa do singular tem necessidade de uma conjugação.

He drinks wine with his parents.
She drinks water after gym.

É um detalhe bastante pequeno, mas precisa ser constantemente recordado, pois é muito comum nos esquecermos de flexionar o verbo. Há alguns casos em que acrescentar o "s" à terceira pessoa do singular exigirá mudanças no próprio verbo.

Verbos terminados em Y: Os verbos terminados em Y precedido de consoante, como study ( estudar), try (tentar), fly (voar) e outros, perderão o Y, que será substituído por "ie" + "s", ficando então. Ex: He studies, she studies.

Os verbos também terminados em Y só que precedidos de vogal, como play (jogar), say (dizer), não terão esta alteração. A sua flexão se fará como qualquer outro verbo.

Ex: I play, he plays, she plays, they play.
You say, he says, she says, we say.

Verbos terminados em SS, SH, CH, Z, X, O: Os verbos terminados com estas letras, como guess (adivinhar), push (empurrar), watch (assistir), buzz (zumbir), receberão um "e" antes do "s" na terceira pessoa do singular.

I watch the games but he watches a different movie every night.

Uso

O simple present é um tempo verbal fácil de se identificar, pois ele é usado em poucas situações e elas são facilmente percebidas através de algumas palavras que aparecem com certa freqüência: os advérbios de tempo.

 

http://www.brasilescola.com/ingles/simple-present.htm

 

Descreve um fato ou estado permanente, ou uma ação que acontece com freqüência no presente. A forma básica do presente dos verbos principais na afirmativa é a mesma do infinitivo (aquela forma que você encontra no dicionário) sem o to (to smoke ® smoke) com exceção das 3as pessoas do singular (he/she/it) que levam um “s”:

I get up at 7 everyday.

She gets up at 7 everyday.

Nas frases negativas do presente usa-se do not = don’t, para I, You, We, They e does not = doesn’t, para He, She, It. O verbo principal seguido do auxiliar sempre fica no infinitivo sem o to:

I don’t like coffee.

She doesn’t like coffee.

Mary and John don’t eat meat. They’re vegetarian.

As frases interrogativas são formadas colocando-se do ou does no início das perguntas sendo precedidos apenas por pronomes interrogativos. O verbo principal sempre fica no infinitivo sem o to. Nas respostas curtas, do-don’t, does-doesn’t substituem o verbo principal:

Do you like hamburguers?

Does it often rain in Bahamas?

What time do you usually go to work?

Where do you go to school?

Do you speak English? Yes, I do.

Does she enjoy parties? Yes, she does.

Does he take the 10:00 am train? No, he doesn’t.

Modelo de conjugação do verbo to work no simple present tense em inglês

Positive

Negative

Interrogative

I work

I don’t work

Do I work?

You work

You don’t work

Do you work?

He works

He doesn’t work

Does he work?

She works

She doesn’t work

Does she work?

It works

It doesn’t work

Does it work?

We work

We don’t work

Do we work?

You work

You don’t work

Do you work?

They work

They don’t work

Do they work?

 

http://dicasingles.blogspot.com/2007/03/simple-present.html

 

FORM

[VERB] + s/es in third person

Examples:

  • You speak English.
  • Do you speak English?
  • You do not speak English.

Complete List of Simple Present Forms

USE 1 Repeated Actions

Use the Simple Present Tense to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do.

Examples:

  • I play tennis.
  • She does not play tennis.
  • Does he play tennis?
  • The train leaves every morning at 8 AM.
  • The train does not leave at 9 AM.
  • When does the train usually leave?
  • She always forgets her purse.
  • He never forgets his wallet.
  • Every twelve months, the Earth circles the Sun.
  • Does the Sun circle the Earth?

USE 2 Facts or Generalizations

The Simple Present Tense can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people or things.

Examples:

  • Cats like milk.
  • Birds do not like milk.
  • Do pigs like milk?
  • California is in America.
  • California is not in the United Kingdom.
  • Windows are made of glass.
  • Windows are not made of wood.
  • New York is a small city. It is not important that this fact is untrue.

USE 3 Scheduled Events in the Near Future

Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk about scheduled events in the near future. This is most commonly done when talking about public transportation, but it can be used with other scheduled events as well.

Examples:

  • The train leaves tonight at 6 PM.
  • The bus does not arrive at 11 AM, it arrives at 11 PM.
  • When do we board the plane?
  • The party starts at 8 o'clock.
  • When does class begin tomorrow?

USE 4 Now (Non-Continuous Verbs)

Speakers sometimes use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is happening or is not happening now. This can only be done with Non-Continuous Verbs and certain Mixed Verbs.

Examples:

  • I am here now.
  • She is not here now.
  • He needs help right now.
  • He does not need help now.
  • He has his passport in his hand.
  • Do you have your passport with you?

ADVERB PLACEMENT

The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc.

Examples:

  • You only speak English.
  • Do you only speak English?

ACTIVE / PASSIVE

Examples:

  • Once a week, Tom cleans the car. Active
  • Once a week, the car is cleaned by Tom. Passive

More About Active / Passive Forms

EXERCISES AND RELATED TOPICS

http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/simplepresent.html

The simple present is used :
  • To express habits, general truths, repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions and wishes.
  • To give instructions or directions.
  • To express fixed arrangements, present or future.










 The Formula of Simple Present Tense

  •  Nominal
(+)  S + to be + complement <noun, adj, adv>
(-)   S + to be + not + complement
(?)   to be + S + complement + ?

Example :
(+)  Doni is always happy.
(-)   Doni is not always happy.
(?)   Is Doni always happy ?

  • Verbal
(+)  S + Verb1 (s/es) + object
(-)   S + do/does + not + Verb1 + object
(?)   Do/does + S + Verb1 + object + ?

Example :
(+)  I usually gets up at six o’clock in the morning.
(-)   I don’t usually get up at six o’clock in the morning.
(?)  Do I usually get up at six o’clock in the morning ?


Simple Present Tense used to show...

  • Daily routines or habitual action
Example :
(+)  Jain always swims in the morning.
(-)   Jain doesn’t always swim in the morning.
(?)   Does Jain always swim in the morning ?

Examples of adverb of time :
  1. Never
  2. Always
  3. Every
  4. Often
  5. Seldom
  6. Usually
  7. Sometimes
  8. Generally
  9. Normally
 
  • An action that happen in present time, it follow with stative verb.
Example :
(+)  They understand the problem now.
(-)   They don’t understand the problem now.
(?)   Do they understand the problem now ?

Example stative verb :
  • Know
  • Have
  • Believe
  • Hate
  • Need
  • Hear
  • Love
  • Understand
  • Appear
  • Like
  • Wish

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