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Subordinate Conjunctions
    1. because:  As he is my friend, I will help him.
    2. when:  We watched as the plane took off.

    1. later in time:  After the train left, we went home.

Although or though
    1. in spite of the fact that:  Although it was after midnight, we did not feel tired.

    1. earlier than:  I arrived before the stores were open.

    1. for the reason that:  We had to wait, because we arrived early.

    1. for, because:  He is happy, for he enjoys his work.

    1. on condition that:  If she is here, we will see her.

    1. for fear that:  I watched closely, lest he make a mistake.
Note the use of the Subjunctive Mood in the clause with lest.

Providing or provided (contanto que)
    1. on condition that:  All will be well, providing you are careful.

    1. from a past time:  I have been here since the sun rose.
    2. as, because:  Since you are here, you can help me.

So or so that
    1. consequently:  It was raining, so we did not go out.
    2. in order that:  I am saving money so I can buy a bicycle.
Note: When used with the meaning in order that, so is usually followed by that in formal English.
e.g. I am saving money so that I can buy a bicycle.

    1. if:  Supposing that happens, what will you do?

    1. used in comparisons:  He is taller than you are.

    1. except when, if not:  Unless he helps us, we cannot succeed.

Until or till
    1. up to the time when:  I will wait until I hear from you.

    1. because:  Whereas this is a public building, it is open to everyone.
    2. on the other hand:  He is short, whereas you are tall.

    1. if:  I do not know whether she was invited.

    1. at the time when:  While it was snowing, we played cards.
    2. on the other hand:  He is rich, while his friend is poor.
    3. although:  While I am not an expert, I will do my best.

In addition, the following phrases are often used at the beginning of subordinate clauses.

As if
    1. in a similar way:  She talks as if she knows everything.

As long as
    1. if:  As long as we cooperate, we can finish the work easily.
    2. while:  He has lived there as long as I have known him.

As soon as
    1. immediately when:  Write to me as soon as you can.

As though
    1. in a similar way:  It looks as though there will be a storm.

Even if
    1. in spite of a possibility:  I am going out even if it rains.

In case
    1. because of a possibility:  Take a sweater in case it gets cold.

Or else
    1. otherwise:  Please be careful, or else you may have an accident.

So as to
    1. in order to:  I hurried so as to be on time.


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Graduado em Informática com Ênfase em Gestão de Negócios na FATEC/ZL e não em Letras (que pena!).

Amante da Língua Inglesa e Interessado em entrar na Jerusalém Celestial e ver um mundo com Tradução Automática.

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#3 COMMENT_TITLE_R E Subordinate ConjunctionsGuest 17-05-2017 09:21
Este comentário foi removido pelo Administrador
0 #2 RE: Subordinate Conjunctionscurso de ingles 02-02-2012 09:25
Olá, Vinicius, peguei alguma coisa na internet para você:

Citando vinicius afonso garcia:
Gostei muito das informaçíµes contidas nesta primeira pagina deste curso.
Necessito da conjugação de verbos de ligação para flexionar com os acima estudados.
Necessito de muitos exemplos de verbos, com suas traduçoes, ( somente a primeira pessoa da forma afirmativa ) para explorar conjugaçíµes.
Muito grato e ansioso.
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